Dr. James is the Director of the Environmental Science and Policy Program and is responsible for administration of the university-wide program for approximately 330 majors with 12 areas of concentration offered by the Colleges of Agriculture and Natural Resources; Computer, Mathematical, Natural Sciences; and Behavioral and Social Sciences. Dr. James is also a professor of soil chemistry specializing in oxidation-reduction processes of natural waters and of wild, domesticated, and engineered soils.
Responsible for conducting and supervising graduate students in research on the colloid and aquatic chemistry of soils and its application to environmental quality, chemistry and remediation of chromium-contaminated soils, disposal of waste materials on land, and microbial-chemical redox processes. Areas of specialization include oxidation-reduction processes, heavy metal and aluminum chemistry, trace element speciation and analysis.
I also conduct transdisciplinary research on the role of historic soil and water management on the rise, fall, and resilience of ancient civilizations; drawing on the disciplines of ecology, environmental history, and soil science.
Graduate students in soil chemistry since 1990David Weight: M.S.('90) Soil chemistryIan Kaufman: M.S. ('90) Soil chemistryBruce Bagley: M.S. ('92) Soil chemistryJanine Baratta: M.S. ('96) Soil scienceVijay Vulava: M.S. ('94) Environ. Engr.Leslie Typrin: M.S. ('98) Soil chemistryIan Yesilonis: M.S. (‘01) Soil chemistryDominic Brose: M.S. (‘08) Soil chemistryRandal Stahl: Ph.D. ('90) Soil chemistryMichael Blaylock: Ph.D. ('92) Soil chemistryMwaffak Taib: Ph.D. ('94) Soil chemistryMunsuk Yoo: Ph.D. ('94) Soil chemistryPhyllis Gallagher: Ph.D. ('96) Soil chemistryAndrew Levin: Ph.D. ('94) Soil chemistrySergei Chernikov: Ph.D. (‘98) Soil chemistryMelanie Rock: Ph.D. (‘99) ChemistryDominic Brose: Ph.D. ('12) Soil chemistryChristina LangloisCatherine DeSarleKristin Fisher
Soil Chemistry (ENST 421; spring semester): A lecture and laboratory course introducing students to the principles of soil and colloid chemistry, with applications to agriculture and environmental sciences (4 credits, enrollment: 10-20)
Advanced Soil Chemistry (ENST 722; alternate fall semester): Lectures and discussion on current and controversial topics in soil chemistry, with the goal of applying the principles to environmental quality, environmental engineering, and water quality issues (3 credits, average enrollment: 8)
Crops, Soils, and Civilization (ENST 440; spring semester): A course to introduce students from agricultural and non-agricultural programs to the roles and effects of soil conservation, soil-water management, and crop domestication on the rise and fall of human civilizations (3 credits, enrollment: 25-40). (CORE Human Cultural Diversity offering)
Environmental Science (ENSP 101; fall semester): Introductory survey course for Environmental Science and Policy majors and College Park Scholars in Environmental Studies (3 credits, enrollment 150-160)
Capstone in Environmental Science and Policy(ENSP 400; fall and spring semesters): An integrative, multi-disciplinary seminar course for ENSP majors focusing on creative solutions to environmental concerns and problems (3 credits, enrollment 25-45)
Internship in Environmental Science and Policy(ENSP 386; fall and spring semester): Practical research, volunteer, and work experience related to environmental science and policy; supervision of undergraduate enrollees (3-6 credits, average enrollment 3 students)
James, B.R., W.E.H. Blum, and C. Dazzi. 2013. Bread and Soil in Ancient Rome: A Vision of Abundance and an Ideal of Order Based on Wheat, Grapes, and Olives. In Churchman, J. and E. Landa (ed.) The Soil Underfoot: Infinite Possibilities for a Finite Resource. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. In press.
James, B.R. and D. A. Brose. 2013. Chromium. pp. xx-xx. In S. E. Jorgenson (ed.) Encyclopedia of Environmental Management. In press.
James, B.R., and D.A. Brose. 2012. Oxidation - Reduction Phenomena. pp. 14-1 to 14-24. In P.M. Huang, Y. Li, and M.E. Sumner (ed.) Handbook of Soil Sciences: Properties and Processes. 2nd edn. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Schwartz, C.W., Wylie, A.G., Davis, A.P., and James, B.R. 2009. Column Expansion Testing of Chromium Tailings Subgrade Fills. Contemporary Topics in Ground Modification, Problem Soils, and Geo-Support. Geotechnical Special Publication 187 (Iskander, M., Laefer, D.F., and Hussein, M.H. eds.), ASCE, pp. 542-549.
Brose, D.A. and B.R. James. 2013. Hexavalent chromium reduction in chromite ore processing residue-enriched soil by tartaric acid with isopropyl alcohol and divalent manganese as co-reductants. Journal of Environmental Quality42:766-773.
Parikh, S.J. and B.R. James. 2012. Soil: The foundation of agriculture. Nature Education Knowledge 3(9):2. Refereed online publication at URL: http://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/soil-the-foundation-of-...
Brose, D.A. and B.R. James. 2010. Oxidation-reduction transformations of chromium in aerobic soils: Role of electron-shuttling quinones. Environmental Science and Technology44:9438-9444.
Rabenhorst, M.C., W.D. Hively, and B.R. James. 2009. Measurement of soil redox potential. Soil Science Society America Journal 73:668-674.
Rabenhorst, M. C., R. R. Bourgault, and B. R. James. 2008. Iron oxyhydroxide reduction in simulated wetland soils: Effects of mineralogical composition of IRIS paints. Soil Science Society of America Journal 72:1828-1842.
Yesilonis, I., B.R. James, R.V. Pouyat, and B. Momen. 2008. Lead forms in urban turfgrass and forest soils as related to organic matter and pH. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment146:1-17.
Research focuses on the colloid and aquatic chemistry of soils and its application to environmental quality, the remediation of chromium-contaminated soils, disposal of waste materials on land, and microbial-chemical redox processes.
Areas of specialization include:
Two PhD students and one MS student will be conducting research this academic year in soil chemistry.