I utilize birds at the top of the food chain to monitor the concentrations and effects of bioaccumulative compounds of concern. For over 20 years I have been working with bald eagles. I have recently been working with collaborators in Sweden, Russia, Uganda, and South Africa on projects with white-tailed sea eagles, Stellerâ€™s sea eagles, and African fish-eagles. I have also been collaborating with scientists in South Carolina and Georgia to determine what causes AVM and how to manage to protect eagles and waterfowl from this disease. Our working group includes personnel from the South Carolina DNR, NOAA, University of South Carolina, University of Georgia, Army Corps of Engineers, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and Georgia DNR.
Courses Taught, Clemson University, 2006-2011.
Courses Taught at University of Maryland, College Park.
Dr. Sundaravelayutham Murugasan, 2001, Fellow, Indian Council of Agricultural Research-Agricultural Human Resources Fellowship sponsored by the Food and Agricultural Organization-United Nations, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, India
Dr. Subramanian Muralidharan, 2003, Fulbright Scholar, Indo-American Environmental Leadership Program, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History, India
Neelu Sharma, 2005, Fulbright Scholar, Indo-American Environmental Leadership Program, Jammu-Kashmir State Pollution Control Board, India
(98 book chapters and journal publications total; only those since 2007 listed below)
Henshel, D., M. Aschner, N. Basu, W. Bowerman, D. Echeverria, M. Gilbertson, N. Ralston, D. Rumbold, M. Wolfe. 2007. New Bioindicators for Mercury Toxicological Assessment: Recommendations from the First International Bioindicators Roundtable. International Bioindicators 2:183-207.
Lavoie ET, Wiley F, Grasman KA, Tillitt DE, Sikarskie JG, Bowerman WW. 2007. Effect of in ovo exposure to an organochlorine mixture extracted from double crested cormorant eggs (Phalacrocorax auritus) on immune function of juvenile chickens. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 53:655-661.
van den Hurk, P., F.E. Wiley, E.T. Lavoie, K.A. Grasman, and W.W. Bowerman. 2007. Activity patterns of biotransformation enzymes in juvenile chickens after in ovo dosage of PCB126. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C 146:301-307
Wiley, F.E., S.B. Wilde, A.H. Birrenkott, S.K. Williams, T.M. Murphy, C.P. Hope, W.W. Bowerman, and J.R. Fischer. 2007. Investigation of the link between avian vacuolar yelinopathy and a novel species of cyanobacteria through laboratory feeding trials. Journal of Wildlife Diseases 43(3):337-343
Bowerman, W.W., A.L. Bryan, Jr., J.R. Robinette, J.M. Wing, F.E. Wiley, and S. Murugasan. 2007. Concentrations of p,p’-DDE in Plasma of Nestling Wood Storks from Georgia. Chemosphere 68:1506-1510.
Bennett, F.M., S.C. Loeb, M.S. Bunch, and W.W. Bowerman. 2008. Use and Selection of Bridges as Day Roosts by Rafinesque's Big-Eared Bats. American Midland Naturalist 160:386-399.
Wiley, F.E., M.J. Twiner, T.A. Leighfield, S.B. Wilde, F.M. Van Dolah, J.R. Fischer, and W.W. Bowerman. 2009. An extract of Hydrilla verticillata and associated epiphytes induces avian vacuolar myelinopathy in laboratory mallards. Environmental Toxicology 24:362-368.
Best, D.A., K.H. Elliott, W.W. Bowerman, M. Shieldcastle, S. Postupalsky, T.J. Kubiak, D.E. Tillitt, J.E. Elliott. 2010. Productivity, embryo and eggshell characteristics, and contaminants in bald eagles from the Great Lakes, USA, 1986 to 2000. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry 29(7):1581-1592.
Grubb, T.G., D.A. Delaney, W.W. Bowerman, M.R. Wierda. 2010. Golden Eagle Indifference to Heli-Skiing and Military Helicopters in Northern Utah. Journal of Wildlife Management. 74(6):1275-1285
Venier, M., M. Wierda, W. Bowerman, R. Hites. 2010. Flame retardants and organochlorine pollutants in bald eagle plasma from the Great Lakes Region. Chemosphere 80(10):1234-1240
Leith, K.F., W.W. Bowerman, M.R. Wierda, D.A. Best, T.G. Grubb, J.G. Sikarskie. 2010. A comparison of techniques for assessing central tendency in left-censored data using PCB and p,p’DDE contaminant concentrations from Michigan’s Bald Eagle Biosentinel Program. Chemosphere 80 (1):7-12.
Pittman, H.T., W.W. Bowerman, L.H. Grim, T.G. Grubb, W.C. Bridges. 2011. Using Nestling Feathers to Assess Spatial and Temporal Trends of Hg in Bald Eagles, at Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, USA. Ecotoxicology 20:1626-1635.
Shrum, P.L., W.W. Bowerman, D.G. Olaechea, R. Amable. 2011. More records of sympatry of black-faced hawk (Leucopternis melanops) and white-browed hawk (L. kuhli) in Madre De Dios, Peru. Journal of Raptor Research 45:104-105.
Fuentes, L., L.J. Moore, J.H. Rodgers, Jr., W.W. Bowerman, G.K. Yarrow, W.Y Chao. 2011. Comparative toxicity of two glyphosate formulations (Original Formulation of Roundup® and Roundup Weathermax®) to six North American larval anurans. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 30:2756-2761.
Moore, L.J., L. Fuentes, J.H. Rodgers, Jr., W.W. Bowerman, G.K. Yarrow, W.Y Chao. 2012. Relative toxicity of the components of the Original Formulation of Roundup® to five North American anurans. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 78:128-133.
Turyk ME, Bhavsar SP, Bowerman W, Boysen E, Clark M, Diamond M, Mergler M, Pantazopoulos P, Schantz S, Carpenter DO. 2012. Risks and Benefits of Consumption of Great Lakes Fish. Environ Health Perspect 120:11-18.
Hill, LM, WW Bowerman, JC Roos, WC Bridges, MD Anderson. 2013. Effects of water quality changes on the phytoplankton and lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor) populations at Kamfers Dam, a Saline Wetland, in Kimberley South Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Science 38(3):287-294.
Haynie RS, WW Bowerman SK Williams, JR Morrison, JM Grizzle, JM Fischer, SB Wilde. 2013. Triploid Grass Carp Susceptibility and Potential for Disease Transfer when used to Control Aquatic Vegetation in Reservoirs with Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy. Journal of Aquatic Animal Health, 25:4, 252-259.
Fuentes, L, LJ Moore, JR Rodgers, WW Bowerman, G Yarrow, W Chao. In Press. Role of sediments in modifying the toxicity of two Roundup® formulations to six species of larval Anurans. Environmental Science and Technology.
Summers, CF, WW Bowerman, N Parsons, WY Chao, WC Bridges, Jr. In Press. Lead and cadmium in the blood of nine species of seabirds, Marion Island, South Africa. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.
Irwin, SW, MM Beck, WW Bowerman, WC Bridges. Mass Latex Balloon Releases and Their Fate in the Environment. Submitted to Journal of Wildlife Management.
Wierda, MR, KF Leith, TG Grubb, JG Sikarskie, DA Best, WW Bowerman. Using bald eagles to track spatial and temporal trends of contaminants in Michigan’s Aquatic Ecosystems. Submitted to Environmental Science and Technology.
Pittman, HT, WW Bowerman, LH Grim, TG Grubb, WC Bridges, MR Wierda. Using nestling plasma to assess spatial and temporal concentrations of organochlorine compounds in bald eagles at Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota, USA. Submitted to Chemosphere.
Simon, KL, DA Best, JG Sikarskie, HT Pittman, WW Bowerman, and TM Cooley. Cause of death and trends of recoveries of dead/injured bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) in Michigan, 1987-2011. Submitted to EcoHealth.
The Joint Analytical Services Laboratory is directed by Dr. William Bowerman and managed by Dr. Rockie Yarwood. The JASL mission is to support the research efforts of ENST faculty and their collaborators. At the present time, the facility and its instrumentation is being utilized in support of the research efforts of ENST faculty: Dr. Stephanie Lansing, Dr. Lance Yonkos, and Dr. William Bowerman. As our department continues to grow, the vision for JASL is one of continuing expansion and improvement of capabilities with eventual development into a strong core laboratory facility serving not only ENST, but other departments in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (AGNR) as well.
Current Lab Members:
JASL resources include: